Jaipongan

Jaipongan was developed largely by a single individual, Dr. Gugum Gumbira, as a response to the Indonesian governmentís ban in 1961 of Western music (specifically rock and roll). Although an urban dance, the dance form is based primarily on village forms of ketuk tilu and on pencak silat, the Indonesian martial arts. Musically, it is also derived from ketuk tilu and the masked theater dance, topeng banjet. Ketuk tilu was very popular in the villages, but at the time was considered disreputable among urban Sundanese, because it involved mixed dancing (men dancing with ronggeng) and because the movements were suggestive.

What Pak Gugum did was to preserve the basic structure of ketuk tilu, but speed it up. This made the dancerís role more active. He retained the traditional use of a female singer (sinden), but paired it with urban gamelan orchestration, featuring an expanded drumming section. The form debuted in 1974 when Pak Gugum and his gamelan and dancers first performed in public. It soon became a craze; sporadic attempts to suppress it due to its perceived immorality just made it more popular. Since the mid-1980s Jaiponganís importance as a social dance has waned, but it remains very popular as a stage dance, performed by women, mixed couples or as a solo.

canada goose boxing day kate spade boxing day michael kors boxing day michael kors boxing day mulberry boxing day sale mulberry boxing day sale hollister boxing day jordan 7 french blue michael kors outlet Ghd boxing day columbia 4s chanel boxing day columbia 4s michael kors boxing day babyliss boxing day beats by dre boxing day michael kors boxing day sales burberry boxing day gucci boxing day canada goose boxing day columbia 4s hollister boxing day jordan 7 french blue columbia 4s jordan 4 columbia canada goose outlet north face boxing day moncler boxing day jordan 4 columbia jordan 4 columbia michael kors outlet louis vuitton boxing day mulberry boxing day canada goose boxing day columbia 4s links of london boxing day French Blue 7s mulberry boxing day sale michael kors boxing day louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 louis vuitton taschen jordan 11 columbia jordan 11 legend blue air jordan 13 jordan 11 legend blue 2014 jordan retro 11 legend blue air jordan shoes legend blue 11s air jordan 11 jordan 11 legend blue jordan 11 legend blue 2014 jordan retro 11 jordan retro 11 jordan retro 11 canada goose outlet jordans for sale jordan 11 jordan retro 13 uggs on sale jordan retro 11 uggs on sale legend blue 11s uggs outlet canada goose outlet jordan 11 legend blue jordan 11 jordan 11 jordan 11 jordan 11 legend blue 2014 nike air max jordan retro 11 air jordan 13 nike air max air jordan shoes canada goose outlet louis vuitton jordan legend blue 11 jordan retro 11 jordan shoes